India’s New Parliament: 10 Key Facts You Need to Know: 10 Key Facts You Need to Know

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Celebrating the Inauguration of India’s New Parliament Building

The inauguration of India’s new Parliament building on Sunday, May 28, 2023, marked a momentous occasion that evoked immense pride and joy among the nation’s 1.44 billion citizens. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, along with Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla, led the auspicious ceremony, signifying the beginning of a new era for our democratic aspirations.

President Droupadi Murmu expressed her warm welcome to the inauguration, emphasizing the symbolic trust that the Prime Minister represents within the House. She hailed the new Parliament building as a living testament to India’s unwavering commitment to upholding its democratic traditions. Murmu also highlighted the vision of our constitution’s architects, envisioning a nation guided by the principles and collective wisdom of democratically elected members. She expressed her delight that the Prime Minister, as the embodiment of the Parliament’s trust, had the honour of inaugurating this remarkable edifice.

As a proud Indian, this moment fills me with overwhelming happiness as we witness the realization of this historic milestone. The new Parliament building, with its majestic architecture, represents the collective aspirations of our nation and the visionary leadership that guides us towards a brighter future.

During the dedication of the new Parliament building, Prime Minister Modi performed the installation of the sacred Chola Sengol, accompanied by the chanting of Tamil scriptures, which drew some unwarranted criticism from a Cabinet minister, showcasing the unfortunate tendency of certain opposition leaders to prioritize mudslinging and cynicism over the welfare and progress of our nation. 

Even notable figures from the Bollywood industry, including Shahrukh Khan and Akshay Kumar, extended their best wishes, recognizing the new Parliament building as a symbol of India’s growth story and its contribution towards shaping a new India.

Regrettably, a significant number of opposition leaders chose to boycott this momentous occasion, demonstrating their focus on personal vested interests rather than the collective progress of our nation. However, it is humility that sets great leaders apart. Prime Minister Modi’s steadfast commitment to India’s future positions our country to emerge as a global superpower in the coming years.

In the spirit of celebrating this monumental milestone, we invite you to explore the 10 key facts about Indian Parliament, which serve as a testament to the vision and collective efforts that have shaped this remarkable edifice.

Symbolic Triangular Marvel: India’s New Parliament Building

Aesthetic elegance meets sacred geometry in the captivating design of India’s new Parliament building. Crafted in a striking triangular shape, the architectural choice pays homage to the unique configuration of the plot of land on which it proudly stands. Architect Bimal Patel, the visionary behind this remarkable structure, also drew inspiration from the sacred geometries found in various religious traditions. The triangular form serves as a captivating symbol of harmony and unity, embracing cultural diversity within its graceful contours.

Moreover, the meticulous design and choice of materials harmoniously complement the existing Parliament, fostering a sense of continuity and synergy between the old and new structures. In effect, these two architectural marvels combine to form a singular complex, enhancing the functionality and grandeur of India’s parliamentary proceedings. The new Parliament building stands as a testament to the seamless integration of architectural brilliance and symbolic significance, embodying the nation’s aspirations and unifying spirit.

Eco-Friendly Marvel: India’s New Parliament Building

India’s new Parliament building stands as a testament to environmental consciousness, incorporating green construction techniques that prioritize sustainability and energy efficiency. Designed to reduce electricity consumption by an impressive 30 per cent compared to its predecessor, this architectural marvel sets a new standard for eco-conscious infrastructure. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has ensured that rainwater-harvesting and water-recycling systems are integrated into the building’s design, promoting responsible water management. Additionally, the new Parliament building showcases optimal space utilization, accommodating the nation’s legislative activities for the next 150 years.

Earthquake-Resistant Assurance: Safeguarding India’s New Parliament

Given Delhi’s location in seismic zone V, stringent building codes dictate the imperative need for earthquake resilience. With a steadfast commitment to ensuring the safety of its occupants, the new Parliament building has been meticulously designed to meet these seismic requirements. This paramount focus on seismic resilience stems from the government’s response to legal challenges that highlighted the vulnerability of the existing Parliament building to earthquakes. By prioritizing state-of-the-art engineering and adherence to robust seismic standards, the new Parliament stands as a symbol of unwavering dedication to protecting both the institution and its occupants from seismic hazards.

Intricate Symbolism in Chamber Designs: Lok Sabha’s Peacock and Rajya Sabha’s Lotus

Within the captivating halls of the new Parliament building, the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha chambers are adorned with profound symbolism, manifesting in their exquisite designs. The Lok Sabha chamber embraces a resplendent peacock theme, with meticulous carvings inspired by the mesmerizing feathers of this majestic bird gracing the walls and ceilings. To further accentuate the theme, the chamber is embellished with elegant teal carpets, evoking a sense of grace and vibrancy.

Conversely, the Rajya Sabha chamber emanates an enchanting Lotus theme. Symbolic of purity and spiritual enlightenment, the Lotus has deep-rooted significance in Indian culture. The chamber’s décor harmoniously integrates captivating lotus-inspired designs, creating an ambience that exudes serenity and tranquillity. Against this backdrop, regal red carpets add a touch of opulence, augmenting the ambience with their warmth and grandeur.

These meticulously curated themes within the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha chambers not only reflect the aesthetic sensibilities of the new Parliament building but also serve as powerful symbols of India’s cultural heritage. The exquisite detailing and thoughtful choices of design elements celebrate the nation’s natural wonders and spiritual ethos, infusing the chambers with an aura of significance and dignity.

To elevate the experience of Members of Parliament (MPs), the new Parliament building offers an array of well-appointed facilities. MPs will have exclusive access to a comfortable lounge, a spacious dining hall, and a well-stocked library, providing them with conducive spaces for relaxation, networking, and knowledge enrichment.

Moreover, the architectural layout of the building embraces tranquillity and natural beauty. The grand entrance opens up to a central courtyard, where the focal point is a majestic banyan tree. This serene courtyard serves as a calming oasis amidst the bustling activities of parliamentary affairs, offering MPs a serene retreat where they can reflect, find inspiration, and engage in meaningful conversations. The presence of the banyan tree, revered for its significance in Indian culture, further adds a touch of symbolism and connection to the country’s rich heritage.

The building is replete with national symbols, including the national emblem, the Lion Capital of Ashoka, weighing 9500 kg. 

Historical Relic in the New Lok Sabha: Nehru’s Golden Sceptre

A profound symbol of India’s journey to independence finds a cherished place in the new Lok Sabha chamber, adjacent to the Speaker’s podium. Bestowed upon Jawaharlal Nehru on the eve of India’s independence, the golden sceptre holds tremendous historical significance, representing the transfer of power from the British Raj to an independent India. This extraordinary artefact, gifted to Nehru by esteemed priests hailing from Tamil Nadu, serves as a tangible connection to the nation’s diverse cultural heritage. Its presence within the Lok Sabha chamber stands as a poignant reminder of the sacrifices, resilience, and triumphs that shaped the course of India’s history, inspiring generations to come.

Embracing Digital Transformation: New Parliament’s Eco-Conscious Approach

Furthermore, the advent of this digital era within the Parliament will witness the integration of cutting-edge technology. Tablets and iPads will emerge as the norm, empowering Members of Parliament (MPs) with convenient access to essential information, enabling seamless connectivity, and fostering a more dynamic and interactive parliamentary experience. By embracing these digital advancements, the new Parliament embraces the power of technology to propel the democratic process forward while embracing environmental responsibility.

Embracing Vaastu Shastra: Guardian Statues at Building Entrances

Paying homage to the ancient Indian architectural tradition of Vaastu Shastra, the new Parliament building reverberates with spiritual symbolism and cultural significance. As one enters the premises, auspicious animal guardian statues gracefully adorn all entrances, exuding a sense of harmony and protection. Each of these statues has been meticulously chosen based on their profound importance in Indian culture and Vaastu Shastra principles.

The majestic presence of the elephant symbolizes strength, wisdom, and prosperity, while the horse embodies energy, vitality, and power. The eagle, with its soaring grace, signifies vision and foresight, while the elegant swan embodies gracefulness and purity. Mythical creatures Shardula and Makara, known for their mythical attributes, evoke a sense of mystery and enchantment.

By incorporating these guardian statues, the new Parliament building embraces the essence of Vaastu Shastra, seeking to create an environment that resonates with positive energies and cultural heritage. These symbolic creatures stand as sentinels, ushering in harmony and good fortune, and serving as a constant reminder of the nation’s deep-rooted traditions and reverence for spiritual elements.

Showcasing India’s Rich Heritage: Galleries within the Building

Within the new Parliament building, captivating galleries offer immersive experiences, celebrating India’s diverse cultural tapestry and architectural splendour. The gallery named ‘Shilp’ serves as a vibrant tapestry, displaying magnificent textile installations sourced from various corners of the country. These awe-inspiring creations showcase the exquisite craftsmanship and artistic traditions woven into India’s fabric, while pottery items crafted from the mitti (clay) of each Indian state add a touch of regional artistry.

In another gallery titled ‘Sthapatya,’ the iconic monuments of India take centre stage. This captivating exhibition brings together architectural marvels from different states and Union Territories, offering visitors a captivating journey through the architectural heritage of the nation. Alongside these magnificent structures, ‘Sthapatya’ also seamlessly integrates the practice of yoga, showcasing the amalgamation of physical postures, known as asanas, with the architectural landscape of India. This unique fusion celebrates the harmony between mind, body, and architectural grandeur.

These galleries within the new Parliament building serve as a testament to India’s rich heritage, preserving and showcasing the country’s diverse artistic expressions, architectural brilliance, and holistic traditions. Visitors are invited to embark on a captivating voyage through time, immersing themselves in the beauty, creativity, and spiritual essence that define India’s cultural legacy.

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